Akron Art Museum
With the Akron Art Museum Coop Himmelb(l)au has developed a new museum concept – “a Museum of the Future”. The conventional functions of a museum and an urban space form together a new type of cultural center that offers digital and analog information and experience.
The building is broken up into 3 parts: the Crystal, the Gallery Box, and the Roof Cloud.
The Crystal serves as the main entry and operates as an orientation and connection space serving both the new and old buildings. It is a grand, flexible space that can also be used for banquets, arts festivals, and events hosted by outside organizations.
The interior of the Gallery Box is an expansive space which has very few columns and is therefore extremely flexible for varying exhibition requirements. A large freight elevator brings oversized works to and from the storage areas and serves as a link between the loading dock and Gallery Box. Natural light is eliminated in the galleries so that it can be strictly controlled and damage from sunlight can be eliminated.
The Roof Cloud, which hovers above the building, creates a blurred envelope for the museum because of its sheer mass and materiality. It encloses interior space, provides shade for exterior spaces, and operates as a horizontal landmark in the city.
The Energy Concept
The energy necessary for lighting, heating and cooling the Crystal is minimizeed by strategic building massing and extensive daylighting. The mass and location of the Gallery Box and High Roof protect the southern oriented Crystal glazing from direct sunlight. At the same time the reflectivity of the façade material raises natural light levels in the Crystal and reduces the need to power artificial light sources.
The Crystal utilizes microclimate zones as a heating and cooling concept. By eliminating the need to condition the entire air volume in the Crystal, and by focusing the energy used to condition the space in the areas where people are located, operating costs and energy use are significantly reduced.
The floors of the Gallery Box and Crystal are composed of poured in place concrete slabs with water filled tubes that supply heating and cooling by changing temperature state of the massive floor slab. This radiant floor system is more efficient than simple forced air systems because it uses the mass of the concrete as a storage device which delivers a stable continuous source of heating and cooling.
Contributed by Coop Himmelb(l)au
Photos © Roland Halbe
Planning: COOP HIMMELB(L)AU – Wolf D. Prix, Helmut Swiczinsky + Partner ZT GmbH
Design Principal: Wolf D. Prix
Project Partner: Michael Volk
Design Architects: Tom Wiscombe, Mona Marbach
Project Architect: Angus Schoenberger
Project Team: Mona Bayr, Marcelo Bernardi, Lorenz Bürgi, Mohamed Fezazi, Robert Haranza, Daniela Kobel, Dan Narita, Florian Pfeifer, Dionicio Valdez, Philip Vogt
Executive Architect: Westlake, Reed, Leskosky, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Structural Engineering: B+G Ingenieure, Bollinger und Grohmann GmbH, Frankfurt, Germany; De Simone Consulting Engineers, San Francisco, USA
Mechanical Engineering: IBE Consulting Engineers, Los Angeles, USA
Acoustical Engineering: Arup Acoustics, New York, USA
Lighting Design: George Sexton Associates, Washington DC, USA
Site Area: 8,370 m²
Total usable Floor Area: 8,244 m²
Existing Building (renovation) usable Floor Area: 2,367 m²
Extension (new construction) usable Floor Area: 5,877 m²
Building Height existing Museum: 16,75 meters
Building Height new Building:
Gallery Box: 11,25 meters, High Roof: 17.5 meters, Crystal: 17.5 meters
Max. Building Length: 76 meters (Gallery Box)
Max. Building Width: 38 meters (Gallery Box)