Casa Modernista

Casa Modernista, São Paulo - Brazil, Gregori Warchavchik

Construction year:
Architect(s): Casa Modernista
City/Town: Casa Modernista

Casa Modernista is located in the Vila Mariana district of São Paulo. Gregori Warchavchik was the architect of the project which is considered one of the first modernist residences in Brazil, and is listed by the state government as historical, artistic and architectural memorial.

The house was completed in 1928. The design, construction, decoration, interiors, furniture and lighting pieces were designed by Warchavchik. Mina Klabin Warchavchik contributed to the project with the curation of the landscape design of the garden – possibly also considered the first modern landscape design in the country.

Casa Modernista, São Paulo - Brazil, Gregori WarchavchikThe beauty of the facade will have to result from the rationality of the interior layout plan, as the way the machine is determined by the mechanism that is your soul. Manifesto number one “Brazilian Modern Architecture.”

During the construction of the house, Warchavchik encountered some problems due to technical limitations of the country. He had to overcome difficulties such as the high price of materials – cement, glass and iron – and the lack of a typical construction accessories industry of modern architecture. Also, he had to become foreman, since the hand labor also was not prepared for such innovation.

Casa Modernista, São Paulo - Brazil, Gregori WarchavchikIn 1934 the architect decides to reform the house, moving the front entrance to the side and including a balcony. The living room was expanded creating this way a balcony replacing the existing colonial roof. Moreover, a bathroom and the master bedroom were enlarged. The original frames were replaced by iron timber and the ladder has been replaced by cylindrical glass block.
The house now belongs to the Municipality of São Paulo and is part of the project the City Museum. It was listed in 1986 by the Heritage Defense Council, Archaeological, Artistic and Tourist of the State and recognized as historical heritage by IPHAN by making it a park.

In the 2000s works are carried out to the property’s restoration, with the first phase from 2000 to 2002 and the second between 2004 and 2007. These reforms have restored the main house, but the budget was insufficient to recover the little house and the park.

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Free Translation by ArchiTeam

Photos contributed by Plínio Dondon.

Contributed by ArchiTeam

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